Parents have the right to home educate their children with special needs.
The federal law, Child Find, requires all school districts, upon request of the family, to identify and evaluate any child from birth to age 21 in their area who may qualify for special education services. The request cannot be denied or limited only to those children enrolled in the local district schools and regardless of the severity of the disability. More information is available through Wrights Law.
At the March 2019 Home Education Advisory Council (HEAC) meeting, Helen Rist of the NH School Administrators Association, talked extensively about the process for homeschoolers to obtain testing if they suspect their child has learning differences. This appears in video #4 beginning at mark 8:05 and continues into video #5. She confirmed that districts must provide testing upon request by a resident homeschool family. To initiate the process, the family must request a “referral;” that is the magic word. You may wish to have a certified letter come from your doctor or therapist's office to initiate the referral. The initial contact may be made to the principal or special education coordinator of the school the child would be assigned to if he/she was enrolled in the local school. The school has 10 days to respond. The first meeting is when the district gathers a team to evaluate whether or not testing is appropriate. The family should bring evidence that supports their request, such as a doctor’s report, homework samples, quizzes or writing work, a recording of the child’s reading fluency, observations in their home ed setting, any feedback from outside education providers, plus any information about what the family has already tried to address the concerns. The team then works with the family to determine if a formal evaluation is appropriate. They can also make short-term intervention suggestions that the family can try at home. The goal is to determine if that is sufficient for the child’s learning needs. If testing is appropriate, then the district will schedule it with the family within a short period. Based on those results, the team may determine if an IEP is appropriate. If so, the family is given the option to receive services which requires enrolling in the school or declining the services and a Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE). As a follow-up, districts are required to annually contact families if they received testing and it was determined their child is eligible for services.
Until the child is of compulsory attendance age (6 years old by September 30th of the current school year), the child is still eligible for special ed services through the district. If a family chooses to homeschool any time after the child is of compulsory school age, the district is not obligated to provide those services; however, they may offer services to homeschooling families through RSA 189:49.
If your child was previously enrolled in the local public school, you may request that they keep the IEP/504 on file should you need access to these records for another educational service, reference, or testing accommodations.
In keeping with NH's Equal Access statute, schools must provide access to curricular and co-curricular activities to homeschooled students with special needs if they choose to participate. Districts may limit availability based on enrollment of other students. Students with IEPs or 504s are entitled to have their accommodations in class and extra-curriculars.
More information is available in the NH Special Education Procedural Safeguards Handbook, updated April 2018 as well as Ed 1100 Standards for the Education of Children with Disabilities. Both of these sources are specific to New Hampshire.
Some families report that the Parent Information Center (PIC) and the Disability Rights Center, both in Concord, are particularly helpful. They provide a variety of services including assistance over the phone, parent-to-parent support, referrals, and more. There are private advocacy organizations that also have a good reputation: Student Matters and Wishtree Consultants.
We have additional private organizations listed here that offer developmental testing and counseling services. Sometimes families are able to have special education services partially or fully covered through their health insurance.
Some families find they are able to provide therapies at home. There are several great sources in this article from Sped Homeschool. There are more good resources at Not the Former Things and Homeschooling with Dyslexia. Bright Hub Education is another good source for homeschool special ed information. The Home School Legal Defense Association (HSLDA) also has good information and offers consulting services.
Also, we compiled curriculum suggestions that may be helpful to consider.
We also provide a Facebook group called Families Helping Families, a community support group for NH families with children with special needs. We are not sped professionals, but want to provide help, resources, and advise to each other as we guide and support our children with learning differences. It is not exclusively for homeschooling families, but open to anyone trying to support a child with special needs in any educational environment.